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Periods and Endometriosis

6th Oct 2023
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Periods and Endometriosis

Every month, many women navigate the intricacy of their menstrual cycle. While for some this is a relatively straightforward affair, for others, it brings a myriad of challenges. Among these challenges, the most complex and often misunderstood is endometriosis.

Understanding Menstrual Pain: 

During menstruation, the womb's wall contracts to aid the shedding of it’s lining. This vigorous contraction compresses the blood vessels, cutting off the blood and oxygen supply to the womb. As a result, pain-triggering chemicals are released. This natural process can sometimes cause mild discomfort such as bloating, cramping, and the broader spectrum of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) symptoms like mood fluctuations, headaches, and breast tenderness.


Endometriosis is the name given to a condition where cells like the ones in the lining of the womb, grow in other places such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Astonishingly, around 1.5 million women struggle with this condition. It can manifest anytime from puberty and continue till menopause, with it sometimes lasting a lifetime.

Common symptoms of Endometriosis include:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, pelvis, or back.
  • Severe period pain that impedes daily activities.
  • Pain during bowel movements within the menstrual phase.
  • Nausea, constipation or diarrhoea during menstruation.
  • Blood presence in urine during menstruation.

Endometriosis isn't just about physical pain. The constant battle with chronic pain, fatigue, and a myriad of other symptoms can lead to feelings of depression, isolation, and a diminished quality of life.

Seeking Support in navigating the complexities of menstrual health and conditions like endometriosis requires information, understanding, and community support. 

Here are some valuable resources:


NHS Information on Periods:

An extensive guide on understanding and managing periods.



The Brook Clinic:

 A comprehensive guide on periods. 



Childline's Guide on Menstruation: 

Offering understanding for younger individuals navigating their menstrual health. 



Endometriosis UK: 

A dedicated platform offering support, blogs, news, and resources for those battling endometriosis. 



NHS Information on Endometriosis: 

An extensive guide on understanding and managing endometriosis.